Sardis Verlag

New Map: The Roman Era Orient

Sardis VerlagComment

Our newest map, The Roman Era Orient, continues what we started with our big Imperium Romanum map. To provide a complete coverage of the Greco-Roman world through highly detailed wall maps. This map depicts the lands east of the Roman Empire, as far as regular contact with the empire extended. Included are the Parthian Empire, Rome's eternal rival, as well as the kingdoms of India and the rising Kushan Empire, all of which were destinations for the merchants operating out of the Red Sea ports in Egypt's eastern desert.

To include the entire Parthian Empire, it became necessary to have significant overlap between both maps. We used this opportunity to show the Roman East at an earlier stage, before the annexations of client states and military expansion transformed it to the state depicted in our 211 CE map. We chose the year 64 CE, after the end of the Roman-Parthian war for the control of Armenia in 58-63 CE, and before the outbreak of the great Jewish revolt in 66 CE. After its end, the new emperor Vespasian began to reorganize the entire eastern frontier, starting the aforementioned transformation.

However, our new map is not strictly limited to 64 CE. Especially in the eastern part, in the Hindu Kush mountains and Indus valley, state entities developed very dynamically over the course of the 1st century CE. The relatively short-lived Indo-Sycthian rule was replaced by its equally short lived Indo-Parthian successor. Their realm soon fragmented and was reduced to their old heartland in modern Seistan by the rising power of the Kushans, who should dominate the area in the 2nd century CE.

To depict the major actors of the east during the entire duration of the principate, older and newer sites, including some phases of expansion of theses states, are shown as well.

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